Cover Image

Physicochemical Variables Monitoring in different part of the Anzali lagoon, Iran

Mehrnoush Aminisarteshnizi


Aim: Water plays a significant role in maintaining ecosystem health. A Survey of water physicochemical factors helps to understand the ecosystem's health and all organisms living in it. Materials and methods: We sampled water from January to December 2015 in the Anzali lagoon in this study. All physicochemical parameters were sampled and determined according to standard methods. Results: The result showed a clear spatial separation among sites in the Anzali lagoon. Site 2 and 4 were more similar together, but site 1 and 3 was separated. The results showed that the pollution level in Site 3 was the highest. The level of pollution in sites 2 and 4 was more similar together, and the level of pollution in site 1 was the lowest. Conclusion: This study showed that pollution was different in all parts of the Anzali lagoon. Because wastewaters discharged from industrial and agricultural areas are more concentrated in the eastern part of the Anzali lagoon, the eastern stations of the lagoon showed high pollution compared to the central and western sites. As a result, the water of the Anzali lagoon has a different quality.


physicochemical factors, PCA analysis, water quality, Anzali lagoon

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only


Aminisarteshnizi, M., (2021). Length-Weight Relationship and Fulton's Condition Factor of Macrobrachium nipponense (De Haan, 1849) in Siah Darvishan River, Iran. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries., 25(2): 551 – 560.

APHA-AWWA-WPCF. (1995). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (18th edn), Greenberg A.H., Clesceri, I.S. and Eaton, A.D (eds). American Public Health, 1008 pp.

Basatnia, N., Hosseini, S.A., Ghorbani, R., & Muniz, P. (2015). Performance comparison of biotic indices measuring the ecological status base on soft-bottom macroinvertebrates: a study along the shallow Gomishan lagoon (Southeast Caspian Sea). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 63(4), 363-378.

Basatnia, N., Hosseini, S.A., Rodrigo-Comino, J., & Khaledian, Y. (2018). Assessment of temporal and spatial water quality in international Gomishan Lagoon, Iran, using multivariate analysis. Environ Monit Assess, 190, 314.

Bhattacharya, A.K., Chowdhury, A,. & Mitra, A. (2002). A study on seasonal variation of physico-chemical parameters and their biological significance around the Haldia port cum industrial complex, Ecology of Polluted Water, Arvind Kumar (Ed.), Aph Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, 99-103.

Brown, R. M., McClellan, N. I., Deininger, R.A., & Tozer, R. G. (1970). A water quality index—do we dare? Water Sew Works, 117(10), 339–343.

Chapman, D. (1996). Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. published on behalf of WHO by F & FN Spon, 651 pp.

Chapman, L. J., Schneider, K. R., Apodaca, C., & Chapman, C. A. (2004). Respiratory ecology of macroinvertebrates in a swamperiver system of East Africa. Biotropica, 36, 572-585.

Christia, C., Giordani, G., & Papastergiadou, E. (2014). Assessment of ecological quality of coastal lagoons with a combination of phytobenthic and water quality indices. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 86, 411–423.

Dojlido, J. R., Raniszewski, J., & Woyciechowska, J. (1994). Water quality index applied to rivers in Vistula River Basin in Poland. Environ Monit Assess, 33, 33–42.

Fallah, M., & Zamani-Ahmadmahmoodi, R. (2017). Assessment of water quality in Iran's Anzali Wetland, using qualitative indices from 1985, 2007, and 2014. Wetlands Ecol Manage, 25, 597–605

Jabbar, F. K., & Grote, K. (2019). Statistical assessment of nonpoint source pollution in agricultural watersheds in the Lower Grand River watershed, MO, USA. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 26, 1487-1506.

Kannel, P. R., Lee, S., Lee, Y. S., Kanel, S. R., & Khan, S. P. (2007). Application of water quality indices and dissolved oxygen as indicators for river water classification and urban impact assessment. Environ. Monit. Assess. 132, 93–110.

Kwok, K. W., Leung, K. M., Lui, G. S., Chu, V. K., Lam, P. K., Morritt, D., Maltby, L., Brock, T. C. M., Van den Brink, P. J.,Warne, M. StJ., & Crane, M. (2007). Comparison of tropical and temperate freshwater animal species' acute sensitivities to chemicals: implications for deriving safe extrapolation factors. Integrated Environ Assess Manag, 3, 49-67.

McClelland, N. I. (1974). Water quality index application in the Kansas River Basin. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 7. Kansas City, Missouri. 226 pp.

Muriithi, F., & Yu, D. (2015). Understanding the impact of intensive horticulture land-use practices on surface water quality in Central Kenya. Environments, 2, 521-545.

Nezami, B. S. A. (1993). Nutrient load, community structure and metabolis in the eutrophying Anzali lagoon, Iran Ph.D. Thesis. L. Kossuth university and Fish Culture Research Institute Debreven – Szarvas, Hungary. 139pp.

Simoes, F. S., Moreira, A. B., Bisinoti, M. C., Gimenez, S. M. N., & Yabe, M. J. S. (2008). Water Quality Index as a simple indicator of aquaculture effects on aquatic bodies. Ecol. Indic. 8 (5), 476–484.

Yancheshmeh, R. A., Bakhtiari, A. R., Mortazavi, S., & Savabieasfahani, M. (2014). Sediment PAH: Contrasting levels in the Caspian Sea and Anzali Wetland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 84, 391–400.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 15849422, 12211249